Measuring Sustainability Levels of Rural Development

The concept of sustainability has been considered as a framework for understanding the development
process and environment resource management as well as delicate a balance between economy, environment and health sociality around the world in the recent decades. This research tries to determine the level of sustainability of Karaj rural development in order to identify and investigate the possibilities of Karaj County. For this purpose, 30 indicators of social, economic and environmental and structural-infrastructural are applied, using factor analysis and cluster analysis techniques for grading and evaluating the sustainability of the 82 villages were used in Karaj County. Thus, the 30 variables were reduced to 4 factors. According to the result of the principal component analysis with rotation, 65.32% of total variance among the 30 variables was explained by these 4 factors. Results indicate undesirable present condition in the studied region which Farokh Abad and Ghezel Hesar villages are sustainable, while Morad Abad and Ahmad Abad villages are unsustainable comparison with other settlements. Finally, the strategy policies are presented in different dimension in order to enhance and improve of the
sustainability of Karaj County
Keywords: Cluster analysis, factor analysis, karaj county, sustainable rural development

F. Paseban and B.H. Kaboudvand

Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology

Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2013

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